The Maldives are located in the Indian Ocean, southwest of the southern tip of India and are made up of 26 atolls that include a total of 1190 small coral islands that cover over a total 298 sq km. Out of these, 200 are inhabited.
- The largest city in the Maldives is also the capital, Male, which contains almost a third of the country population. The current total country population is 379,174 (2008).
- The national currency is the Rufiyaa. The main supporters of the Maldivian economy are fishing, tourism and shipping.
- The local language of the Maldivians is Dhivehi with a base of Sanskrit, while also being strongly influenced by other major languages of the region such as Indian, Arabian and African.
- The Maldivian script is called Thaana and consists of 24 letters which are written from right to left. It was invented during the 16 th century.